Digital Feudalism; Contemporary Walled- Garden

Consequently, the creation of internet has allowed us to interact freely and unlimited consumptions that effortlessness and benefit ease the life of the general public. We, as internet users thought that the internet for instance social networks and applications that obligate to offer us freedom and privacy contained platform that we are ubiquitously attach and put trust in it.

However, the biggest and nevertheless favorite internet corporation for instance Facebook and Apple have actually installed and practices Walled-Garden Feudalism on it’s platform to control user’s to their contents and services. Without the majority user’s aware, walled garden is a type of system that have subsequently control fully and easily access on restricting users to several applications and productions of content. In effect, the walled garden directs the user’s initial navigation within particular areas, to allow access to a selection of material, or prevent access to other material (Rouse 2005).

Hence, through the unawareness within users, this corporations have developed to become big user-generated data assemblies, then eventually turn out to be to feudal lords to holds as an integrated data-empire. User’s believed there were no any parties over their privacy and contents as they comprehend it as a type of liberty platform. Unfortunately, many internet corporations have built a new form of digital feudalism that became kind of feudal lords which means they behold the hierarchal power that possess to your privacy. The old internet is shrinking and being replaced by walled gardens over which Google’s crawlers cannot climb. Sure, Google can crawl Facebook’s ‘public pages’, but those represent a tiny fraction of the pages on Facebook, and are not informed by the crucial signals of identity and relationship which give those pages meaning (Mitew, 2014).

In a nutshell, the internet users should be smart to use the internet platforms as apparently we do not know when are we being monitored or how our privacy are being watched. So, use the internet wisely as there are more surveillance through the rise of a new form of digital feudalism.


Feudalism 2005, ‘A brief history of the idea’, Dictionary of the History of Idea, accessed 13/9/2014,

Mitew, T 2014, DIGC202-The Feudalisation of the Internet, lecture notes, accessed 13/9/2014,

Rouse, M 2005, “Walled Garden”,viewed 1 May 2013, retrieved from

Liquid Labour

Through the profound of internet, the notion of career and profession has changed and are no longer standardized in which employees are compulsory to assemble at work in a specific time and place. Moreover, the shift of paradigm has enable to the new prototype in which they have the own privilege of flexibilities and freedom which means they are allow to work at anytime and anywhere and perhaps physical work forces by man has decrease as the existence of liquid labour has subsisted by using the global networks indeed the convenience of internet. Gregg (n.d.) suggested that liquid labour allows and give workers the apparent freedom to work where and when they choose, new media technologies have been complicit in inaugurating new forms of emotional and embodied labour—new habits that are taken to be commonsense—from employees who see their working conditions as individual rather than structural.

Now, the labor market has emerge and global networks has arose to become very powerful hence the old deep-rooted forms of works that develops and innovates to an information network and communication economy from the industrial economy. Liquid labour has formed new types of labour which uses centralized and computerized types of technology to produces progress and manufactures product and works. For instance, in a factory based type of work, it is essential to use voluminous quantity of physical and mental man forces to produce product or goods. Somehow, the emergence of liquid labour has move the paradigm of works from hierarchical to decentralized whereby works will be fully dependent to be done by computerize based technologies and machines to produce goods, therefore the need of human resources will be eliminated.

However, the demand of liquid labor has increase thus the rising numbers of institutes, colleges and universities have offered various types and skills of expertise related courses to feed the demand of liquid labor. Promptly, companies now at least employ and exploit to use liquid labor to manage and handle their websites and computer systems, indeed big corporations obligates to have their them for working on it’s very own department called IT Department.

Nevertheless, through practicing liquid labour, “presence bleed” may occurred by many as they will need to posses with their works and tasks at anywhere and anytime even after work or during a holiday, it is because of the speediness of internet and no time barrier subsist although it allows intense progress of works. According to Gregg (n.d.) presence bleeds explains the familiar experience whereby the location and time of work become secondary considerations faced with a ‘to do’ list that seems forever out of control.Also, it has given a big impact of increasing percentage of unemployment and loss of opportunities of works to certain group of people. Indeed agree, according to Castells (2004) why the network society now? The answer is in the development of microelectronics and software-based communication technologies… We know that technology does not determine society. But we also know that without specific technologies some social structures could not develop.

However, still the question have not unravel with answer whether the controversy emergence of liquid labour is a positive or negative type of labour practices?



Castells, M, 2004, ‘Afterword: why networks matter’ in H McCarthy, P Miller and P Skidmore (eds), Network Logic: Who governs in an interconnected world? Accessed on 28/08/2014. Available online at: 

Gregg, M. n.d., Function creep: Communication Technologies and Anticipatory Labour in the
Information Workplace. Accessed on 28/08/2014. Available online at: 

Mitew, T 2014, Liquid labour, lecture, DIGC202 Global Networks, University of Wollongong, delivered 26 August.





The Father of Cyberspace

The Father of Cyberspace

The online citizen has been so use to the internet and somehow cannot go one day without it and they almost move their paradigm of life in there. They somehow depend on it too often and it have became of the norms in their essential daily life, they consider it as their home, they woke up to it, they sleep to it and they live in it. They somehow created a heavenly atmosphere and society called cyberspace on there. A consensual hallucination experienced daily by billions of legitimate operators, in every nation, by children being taught mathematical concern of graphic representation of data abstracted from the bank of every computer in the human system (Gibson, 1982).

The father of cyberspace, William Gibson also suggests that our illusions and mirages form the basis of a kind of consensus by being continuously shared by the large group of people and the sharing is achieved by transforming individual experiences into collective representations. People now share anything and almost everything in the cyberspace’s social network to connect communications among the others in the society. Cyberspace now is a global village where all the online citizen use it as a platform to communicate and share experiences in which they find borders is almost irrelevant here. Hence, there are no time differentiations here in cyberspace where it allows the homogenization of time and space in here for online citizen to communicate of any time zone as a one time. Also, I believe people loves to be part of the cyberspace because as stated by Barlow (1996), we are creating a world that all may enter without privilege or prejudice accorded by race, economic power, military force, or station of birth

Furthermore, in cyberspace there are free flow of information with any accesses and exposures without borders. People enhanced to be richer and wealthier in knowledge by using the cyberspace to obtain various information here.According to Castells (2004), the networking logic explains the features of the process of globalisation. The world have become more homogenize with the existence of cyberspace where people around the world can share cultures among the networks to the world even they are from the farthest place in the globe, indeed no borders are significant in cyberspace.


Barlow, J.P. (1996) A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace, [ONLINE]. Available at:

Castells, M. (2004) ‘Afterword: why networks matter’. In Network Logic: Who governs in an interconnected world? [ONLINE]. 221-224. Available at:

Cavallaro, D, 2000. Cyberpunk & Cyberculture. Science Fiction and the Work of William Gibson, [Online]. 1, 3-17. Available at: [Accessed 23 August 2014].

The Guardian . 2011. William Gibson: beyond cyberspace. [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 23 August 14].