Hackers of Heroes or Villains?

The present media technology revolution is the biggest creation and amusement of all to the mankind thus it is somehow terrifying in some circumstances. The internet and media can definitely accelerate our way of improvements in life being in terms of daily activities, businesses, science and technologies and even government authorized data and documents. Today, nodes are intelligent enough to overwhelm the power of code freedom to become cyber-libertarians or hardest it comes to the appearance of hacktivism. ‘Hacktivism’, as it is called, draws on the creative use of computer technology for the purposes of facilitating online protests, performing civil disobedience in cyberspace and disrupting the flow of information by deliberately intervening in the networks of global capital (Sterling, 2013).

According to Mitew (2014), the most conspicuous hacks were hacking into phone switches, network control mainframes of certain websites or corporation or more rampant to an extend into government server. The most well-known hacktivist has given to the name of Julian Assage whom invent the sphere of Wikileaks that it contributed a enormous impact to the realm of hacktivism. Sterling (2013), addressed that the Wikileaks Cablegate scandal is the most exciting and interesting hacker scandal ever. Wikileaks were an intelligent that leaks out voluminous of governmental data to the internet for uninhibited information to the public as an exploitation of transparency towards the diplomatic and political disputes. Conferring to Sterling (2013), Wikileaks has been the world’s most blatant, most publicly praised, encrypted underground site.

However, in the debate of hacktivism are contradictory among their peculiar motives and objectives themselves. Some have concrete reasons of doing hacking jobs and some are just plain hackings. Assange has worked and argued himself into a position where his “computer crimes” are mainly political. They’re probably not even crimes. They are “leaks.” Leaks are nothing special (Sterling, 2013). Probably, Assange are one of the hackers with his own purposes that gain many supports from the publics, however there are another famous hacker named Anonymous whom remain unidentified who vigorously hacked several important sites where the aims were still mysterious.

According to Gunkel (2005), initially the word denoted a kind of obsessive commitment to creative and innovative computer programming, especially the re-engineering of systems that pushed the relatively new technology of the computer in interesting directions which were oftentimes not anticipated or recognized by their designers. For this reason, hackers have been celebrated as the heroes of the computer revolution, the visionaries of the internet and the principle architects of cybersociety.

So the question still left to be indefinite, are hackers heroes or villains?


Gunkel, DJ, 2005. Editorial: introduction to hacking and hacktivism. New media & society, [Online].1-3. Available at: http://www.gunkelweb.com/articles/hacktivism.pdf [Accessed 08 October 2014].

Mitew, T 2014, “Digital Resistance”, Lecturer notes, [Online] Available at: http://prezi.com/hotqlxztvxdb/digc202-digital-resistance/ [Accessed 8 October 2014].

Sterling, B, 2013. The Blast Shack. [Online] Available at: https://medium.com/@bruces/the-blast-shack-f745f5fbeb1c [Accessed 8 October 2014].


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